Varicose veins: what they are, why they appear and how we can treat them

This disorder greatly limits the life of those who suffer from varicose veins. However, before reaching this stage, you can seek to remedy its action.

Varicose veins are directly related to our behavior: sedentary lifestyle, poor postural hygiene, obesity… can be triggers or accelerators of its appearance.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins or varicose veins are known as dilations of these tissues. Their training can become clearly visible to the naked eye and can cause various types of discomfort or severe health problems if left untreated. They are seen as bulging veins and bumps under the skin.

Varicose veins are, as we said, a widening of the veins, which do not adequately control blood flow. This generates bumps that can cause pain and itching. Varicose veins appear, mainly, in the extremities, although they can arise at any point very irrigated by the venous system.

Varicose veins appear related to obesity and sedentary lifestyle, due to the vascular problems they cause, but also due to genetic consequences and other physiological problems. In the worst cases, varicose veins can lead to edema or hemorrhage, and even ulcers.

Why do varicose veins appear

The mechanism is relatively simple: the veins are designed so that the flow always goes in one direction, thus allowing the return of blood to the heart. For that, the veins have special valves.

Occasionally, venous blood is not able to maintain the flow in the same direction. This can happen for endless reasons: it does not overcome the force of gravity if we stand a long time, but without moving; because the veins are clogged; due to circulatory problems …

In all these cases, venous reflux is caused, which causes blood to return backward. Over time, this will cause a widening of the vein itself, which will get worse as the valve deforms and the vein walls become thinner.

If the problem continues, the wall may even break. They can also obstruct part of the circulatory network and cause fluid accumulation, among many other things, since the circulatory system does not work properly.

What causes varicose veins?

The first symptoms, the most common, are the widening and bulging of the veins, which appear as bumps on the skin. These can be extended as the problem becomes more and more serious. If it is in the legs, which is usually the most commonplace, other problems will begin to appear.

For example, fatigue in the legs will begin to be noticed, due to irrigation deficiencies, some heaviness, and pain. At night there can be numerous cramps that wake up those who suffer from the disorder.

If this continues, the itching will begin itching and irritation of the affected area, ending with possible edema and fluid retention. From here the complications of varicose veins begin. If there is no remedy, the drainage mechanisms begin to fail.

That is when hemorrhages and dystrophies can occur. Some tissue may become necrotic and ulcerate. This can lead to incapacitation of the person. They can even become infected, causing an even bigger problem.

How varicose veins are treated

Once a certain point has been reached, varicose veins have to be treated surgically, by microfoam or by laser. However, before reaching this point, we can try to prevent them or improve their condition. To do this, we must promote circulation.

With a healthy diet and some exercise or, at least, physical activity, we will improve the passage of venous blood and reduce the appearance of varicose veins. If we spend a lot of time standing, we must do it on the move or, if it is impossible, rest every so often to prevent gravity from causing a problem for our circulation.

In the case of chronic or severe varicose veins, or those that appear in other parts of the body other than the legs, we should probably opt for a treatment, consulting with our doctor. Among the treatments are the surgical operation, which involves removing varicose tissue through an intervention; the microfoam used to “kill” the vein; and the laser, which also aims to kill her.

Another treatment, called “sclerosant,” stiffens and encrusts the vein, but is only used with some of them very concrete and small. In general, the least invasive and most widely used method is microfoam, which allows the varicose vein to end and force the body to generate a new substitute. However, although more invasive, the laser is more efficient.

In any case, the decision to improve our quality of life, increase physical activity and reduce the intake of bad substances for health will always help, both with and without intervention, to control the state of our veins.

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